The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has adopted a resolution that endorses the concept of early-age spay/neuter to stem the overpopulation of cats and dogs. The sponsors of the resolution are convinced that the early-age approach will reduce euthanasia of unwanted pets by preventing unwanted litters and by making shelter policies of spay/neuter before adoption more effective. The resolution states, “Resolved, that AVMA supports the concept of early (8-16 weeks of age) ovariohysterectomies/gonadectomies in dogs and cats, in an effort to stem the overpopulation in these species.”
General Transport Requirements for Sending and Receiving Shelter Partners
Transport Preparation Protocol for Sending Shelter Partners. Once selections have been made, sending shelters use the following protocol to prepare their dogs for each monthly transport.
Heartworm Test and Preventative: See each Receiving Shelters transport requirements pages for specific testing requirements.
Flea Preventative: Dogs must be administered a flea preventative, such as Advantage, Frontline, Revolution or Comfortis prior to leaving on the transport. Capstar is not sufficient.
Vaccinations: See each Receiving Shelters transport requirement pages for specific vaccination requirements. NOTE: A rabies vaccination tag must be sent with the rabies certificate.
Fecal Tests: All adult dogs and puppies must have a fecal exam 7 - 10 days prior to the transport. If a parasite is found, this provides adequate time for treatment so the animals will arrive at destination shelters parasite-free. If an animal tests positive for coccidia and Marquis Paste is not available through the attending vet, the traditional treatment with Albon must be given immediately -- treating with a double dose of Albon for 5 days instead of a double dose on day one followed by a 9 day single dose. Dogs of puppies who test positive for coccidia or giardia must have finished their medication two weeks prior to the transport date and have a clear stool sample. Puppies must be wormed at 7-day intervals with Strongid-T (no more than 4 doses over a 4-week period are necessary); however, puppies should not be wormed within 24 hours before departure. Puppies who have diarrhea, lethargy, are vomiting, or are not eating 1-3 days before transport should not be sent on transport. Panacur, as a general wormer for a 3-day protocol, will increase the odds of a negative fecal exam. Each stool sample should be examined under a microscope, rather than using a float, to determine parasite loads. IDEXX snap tests are suggested to detect Giardia, as is sending out fecal samples to labs for testing.
Behavior Test: Dogs over 5 months of age should be SAFER tested to assess their behavior. Test results should not be older than 60 days prior to the transport date. The objective of this testing is to ensure that the dog have a friendly, non-aggressive behavior.
Health Check Form and Health Certificate for Interstate Transport: A vet-issued Health Certificate for Interstate Transport must be obtained for each dog/puppy prior to the transport. All information should be completed on the health certificate, including the product name of the vaccinations and listing the dog’s name in the I.D. column. Please check to make sure that the dog’s breed and age match what is listed on the medical history and any other paperwork that is being sent to destination shelters. All known health issues should be indicated on the CanINE Express Health Check Form that veterinarians are required to complete at the same time the Health Certificate for Interstate Transport is issued. Any health issues should be reported immediately to the receiving shelters so a decision can make as to whether the dog should be transported.
Permit Numbers for Indiana shelter dogs transported to the State of Illinois: Illinois requires an entry permit number for all animals transported into Illinois to a shelter or rescue. This number needs to be on the Health Certificate for it to be valid. This number can be obtained from the following website: https://www.agr.state.il.us/AnimalHW/animalregistry/login.php For questions about the Illinois permit number contact Danielle Austin, Illinois Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Animal Health and Welfare, 217-782-4944.
Requirements for Sending Shelter Partners After Dogs are Selected for Transport. Indiana shelters are responsible for sending the medical history and behavior test results for each dog selected by email attachment no later than 48 hours after the dog is accepted for the transport. If any of the required transport protocol (e.g., rabies vaccination, heart worm preventative) is administered after the medical history has been sent, a date that the missing protocol will be given should be entered on the forms sent to the receiving shelters. Dogs are only "pre-selected" until the paperwork is reviewed by the receiving shelters.
Once dogs have been selected by receiving shelters in the state of Maine or Northeast Animal Shelter in Salem, Massachusetts, a hold should be placed on the dogs for transport. For all other receiving shelters, dogs should be held for transport and this hold cannot be removed unless agreed upon by the receiving shelter. Out of courtesy to our receiving shelter partners, since this is a collaborative project, please call or email the contact person at the receiving shelter to ask if the dog can be adopted locally. With very few exceptions, the receiving shelter partners agree to this because they are anxious for the dog to "go home" as soon as possible. Five days prior to transport, (or on a date specified by Cathi Eagan in an email message), dogs must be sent on transport, except in the case of illness or behavioral issues. If a dog is pulled from the transport, it is the responsibility of the Indiana shelter to contact the receiving shelter with the full details (ccing Cathi Eagan). If a dog is pulled after Cathi Eagan has given a date not to adopt a dog out locally, the sending shelter will pay the "per dog rate". Please do not offer out a replacement to the receiving shelter when a dog has been pulled or adopted locally. Rather, receiving shelters will go to the CanINE Express website to select a replacement that suits their adoption needs.
Dogs who are noticeably underweight (ribs showing, severely underweight for the dog’s size or breed) should not be sent on the transport. If a dog has hair loss or a physical disability, a digital photo of the area affected should be taken and sent to the receiving shelter that has selected the dog. On the day of the transport, dogs should not be running a temperature, be lethargic, have diarrhea, nor be vomiting. Eyes must be clear of discharge and redness, and their skin should be healthy with no lumps/bumps, red or dry patches or missing fur (no mange or ringworm).
It is the responsibility of the sending shelter to walk all adult dogs prior to the arrival of the transport vehicles to ensure that the dogs can ride in comfort for the first 6-7 hours of the trip. At each rest stop, the adult dogs will be walked and given a very small amount of food. Puppies will have their bedding changed, as needed, and given food and water.
If a dog is on medication when sending on transport, please make sure that the receiving shelter knows and approves him/her coming. Then, please send me an email message with instructions about what drug is to be given the night of the transport. Make sure you put a piece of duct tape on the crate clearly marking that the drug is to be given and give the drug to the driver.
Each sending shelter must supply crates for each dog sent. Crates must be thoroughly cleaned and sterilized prior to transport. Dogs should have enough room in their crates to stand up, turn around, and extend their limbs. Crates must be put together using zip ties vs. screws and bolts, for easy and quick break down after the transport. Crates should be in good working order and not have broken doors.
Responsibilities of Receiving Shelter Partners After Dogs are Delivered. Once at the receiving shelters, dogs and puppies will receive immediate attention – exercised, fed, and given water. Cathi Eagan, CanINE Express Transport Director will contact all receiving shelters within 24 hours of each transport delivery to ensure that all dogs are healthy and doing well. Should there be a problem with any transported dog at any time, Cathi Eagan should be notified immediately. In the case of a medical or behavioral issue, a discussion will take place between the sending shelter, Cathi Eagan, and the receiving shelter to determine the outcome, such as returning the dog to the sending shelter on the next transport, placing the dog in the CanINE Express Residential Training Program, or transporting the dog to another CanINE Express receiving shelter partner. No transported dog should be euthanized, without an agreement between the sending shelter, the receiving shelter, and CanINE Express Transport Director, Cathi Eagan.
The future and success of this transport is totally dependent upon your careful compliance with these guidelines.
If you have any questions related to these guidelines, please contact Cathi Eagan at firstname.lastname@example.org or 812-720-0005. Thank you.